Thiazolidine is a heterocyclic organic compound, which is a five-membered saturated ring with a thioether group and an amine group. It is the sulfur analog of oxazolidine. Thiazolidine derivatives have many uses and have a broad spectrum of biological activities. For example, the drug pioglitazone contains a thiazolidine ring. Thiazolidine has three isomers, 2-, 3-, and 4-. Derivatives with a 2-thiazoline ring are the most common.
Thiazoles are very important functional groups in medicinal chemistry. They act as ligands on a variety of biological matrices. Thiazoles are used in a wide range of therapeutic applications, such as antibacterial, antiretroviral, antifungal, antiallergic, antihypertensive, pain treatment, and to control symptoms of schizophrenia.